Just when you thought you were beginning to understand what CBD is and how it’s used, you have started coming across products containing CBG. What is CBG? Is it different than CBD? Why should I try CBG when I’m already using CBD? While they do have some similarities, there are key differences between the two compounds.
All Cannabinoids begin as CBG(A)
CBG is often referred to as “the mother cannabinoid”. When a cannabis plant is in the early stages of its life cycle, it produces cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). As the plant begins to reach maturity, it will begin to break down the CBGA and convert it to tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA). From there, the acid forms of each compound will convert to the compounds we are familiar with. CBDA converts to CBD, THCA converts to THC, and CBCA converts to CBC. Because of the way the plant coverts CBGA during its lifecycle, it is difficult to extract CBG from hemp in meaningful levels, with most hemp plants having <1% CBG at harvest. For comparison, hemp will have CBD concentrations 10% to 16%.
CBD and CBG are non-psychoactive compounds, meaning they will not produce the “high” feeling associated with THC. Just like CBD, the potential benefits of CBG are vast due to its interaction with the endocannabinoid system. Research is still in early phases regarding the potential benefits of CBG, especially when compared to the large amount of information available on CBD and THC. Below are a few useful links to preliminary findings.
Potential Benefits of CBG
- Treating glaucoma, though its vasodilator and neuroprotective effects.
- Decreasing inflammation, as seen in animal models of inflammatory bowel disease.
- Combating Huntington’s disease, again through its neuroprotective effects.
- Killing drug-resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
Many potential benefits of CBG overlap with those of CBD, and some appear to be unique to each.
As time goes on, the scientific community will continue to study the unique effects of these two compounds, and the potential impact they can have on the human body. While current studies focus on CBD and CBG individually, future research will help to decipher exactly how they work in combination with one another. While current research is beginning to show where each cannabinoid may help with specific conditions, ultimately this research will help determine how combinations of different cannabinoids may help consumers find the “perfect mix” for them.
Extract Labs is proud to be an industry leader in the development of minor cannabinoid products, such as our CBG Oil. While many minor cannabinoid products on the market are sourced from China, all of our products are extracted and processed from American Hemp in our Boulder Colorado facilities.